The hyperactivity disorder, usually referred to as ADHD, is an independent risk factor for several common and serious mental health issues, finds research published in the open access journal BMJ Mental Health.
It is associated with major depression, post traumatic stress disorder, the eating disorder anorexia nervosa, and suicide attempts, the findings show, prompting the researchers to recommend vigilance by health professionals in a bid to ward off these disorders later on.
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental condition in children and teens that extends into adulthood in up to around two thirds of cases. Worldwide, its prevalence is estimated to be around 5% in children/teens and 2.5% in adults.
ADHD has been linked to mood and anxiety disorders in observational studies, but it’s not known if it’s causally associated with other mental ill health.
To try and find out, the researchers used Mendelian randomisation, a technique that uses genetic variants as proxies for a particular risk factor-;in this case ADHD-;to obtain genetic evidence in support of a particular outcome-;in this study, 7 common mental health issues.
These were: major clinical depression; bipolar disorder; anxiety disorder; schizophrenia; post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); anorexia nervosa; and at least one suicide attempt.
A recent article highlights the significant connection between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and the heightened risk of various common and severe mental health issues. Individuals diagnosed with ADHD often face a higher likelihood of experiencing additional mental health challenges, including anxiety, depression, substance abuse, and even suicidal thoughts.
Research suggests that the symptoms and struggles associated with ADHD, such as impulsivity, difficulty with focus, and hyperactivity, can contribute to developing these co-occurring conditions. Understanding these connections is crucial for both early intervention and effective treatment.
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