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What is Fentanyl?

 

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Fentanyl addiction is rising in popularity. Most of the time, it is utilized as a cutting agent or as a potent alternative to heroin. Many illegal drug manufacturers also use Fentanyl to make counterfeit Oxycodone pills.

Other illegally-produced drugs such as methamphetamine and cocaine have also been found containing derivatives of Fentanyl. In most cases, the mixing of Fentanyl into other mass-produced drugs are intentional while in other cases, it would be the result of an accidental cross when the drug manufacturer is also selling Fentanyl along with other illicit drugs.

  • Fentanyl is amongst the most potent synthetic opioid drugs.
  • Fentanyl works by blocking the pain receptors in the brain and increasing the production of the happiness-inducing chemical dopamine.
  • Fentanyl and Fentanyl analogs are listed as a schedule I drug under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act in Canada.
  • Fentanyl is also used legitimately in hospitals as an anesthetic or for long-term pain management usually in the form of Fentanyl patches prescribed by a physician.
  • Fentanyl is also legally used in veterinary applications as a general anesthesia or a sedative.
  • Research from Janssen Pharmaceuticals Canada has proved that Fentanyl is reportedly more potent than morphine by 100 times.

The Different Forms of Fentanyl

Nicknames of Fentanyl

Apache, China White, China Girl, Dance Fever, TNT, and Crush are the common street names of Fentanyl. Other common forms and brand names of Fentanyl include:

Abstral

An instant-dissolve tablet derivative of Fentanyl, it is placed under the tongue for immediate relief. It can also be used for opioid-tolerant patients undergoing breakthrough cancer pain.

Actiq

Comes in the form of a lozenge on a plastic stick, it is placed under the tongue like a lollipop. The kind is commonly used for patients already prescribed with pain-relieving medications.

Duragesic

A fentanyl patch, it was first introduced in the 1990s for the treatment of moderate to severe pain. Its effects can last up to 3 days.

Other Fentanyl Patches

Fentanyl patches contain between 2.5 mg to 10 mg per patch and are slowly released into the system over time. However, recreational drug users have been able to open these patches and extract the Fentanyl inside. There have also been occurrences in Eastern Canada where counterfeit Fentanyl patches have been produced.

Lazanda

It is a nasal spray form of Fentanyl used like nasal decongestant sprays. It is usually administered for the treatment of pain in cancer patients.

Sublimaze

An injectible form of Fentanyl, it is generally administered in hospitals, sometimes alongside anesthetics for pain management before and after surgeries.

Subsys

A sublingual spray, it is similar to Actiq in administration as it is placed under the tongue. However, Subsys has a more immediate effect in relieving pain and is commonly used to treat painful sensations brought forth by cancer.

The analysis of illicit drug samples containing Fentanyl has found that majority of them have not been produced in pharmaceutical grade sources. For one, the samples have been found with slightly reduced purity levels. According to authorities, it also proves that these drugs were a result of the illicit domestic drug trade from drug laboratories overseas such as those in China and in domestic clandestine drug laboratories within Canada.

 

 

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