Are Opiates Addictive?
Opiates with natural alkaloids belong to benzylisoquinoline alkaloids, a large biosynthetic group found in the opium poppy plant. Opiates have a wide variety of available drugs, ranging from legal medications (fentanyl, codeine, and morphine) to illegal merchandise (heroin and opium).
- Opiates are notorious as the largest source of drug addiction in the country.
- In 2010, the National Survey on Drug Use and Health reported that 200,000 people had used heroin.
- 5.1 million people used it for painkiller purposes and for nonmedical reasons.
- Opiates suppress the central nervous system, giving off ecstatic high feeling to an individual taking it.
- There are also some people who are taking opiates with a legal prescription, but unfortunately, several of them become addicted because they continue taking the drug even after relief of discomfort has been achieved.
Opiates have a variety of forms. Some are formulated as liquids, syrups, pills, or powders. They can also be consumed in different ways; however, a lot of people prefer the injection method, as they experience its effect faster and at stronger intensity. Other popular methods include snorting, oral, and smoking.
Opiates Are Drugs Against Addiction
Opiate’s list of available drugs is longer than the common methods of taking them. Several drugs of these types are legal; when a doctor prescribes them, it makes it trouble-free to obtain. In some cases, people who are addicted to other forms of illegal drugs are recommended to use opiates via pain reliever prescriptions
Some of the more popular opiates are:
- Hydrocodone, such as Vicodin
- Oxycodone, such as Percocet and OxyContin
- Morphine, such as Kadian and Avinza
The most common psychoactive opiates are morphine, thebaine, and codeine. Noscapine, Papaverine, and 24 alkaloids have also been discovered in opium, but have practically no impact on the human brain.
Recently, small amounts of hydrocodone and hydromorphone have been seen in opium tests. This circumstance has led to drawing impressions that companies have been growing source plants through controlled conditions and special procedures that more likely involve more technologically advanced microscopic organisms. Dihydrocodeine, oxymorphol, oxycodone, oxymorphone, metopon and potentially different subordinates of morphine or hydromorphone are likewise found in opium.
Opiate In The Medical Industry
Morphine, known as the major medical source of opiates, is consumed medically.
Codeine, for instance, is synthesized from morphine. It is more prominent in pharmacies via the conventional oral preparation. This is the biggest reason why it is simpler for substance abusers to go over the dosage. Additionally, this drug less likely results in addiction when compared to morphine. Given that it is milder, it requires larger dosage to produce the same elated feeling that other more potent drugs bring forth
Long-term consumption of any drugs can build up dependency in a person’s system and can possibly trigger the cycle of addiction. A similar amount of the medication through time no longer produces a significant impact from when it was done the first time. When this happens, people routinely take an increasing amount of the substance to stir the coveted reaction. This expanding dosing can put a person at great danger for overdose.