Salvia: Description of the Drug
As a psychoactive plant, Salvia can induce visions and other spiritual experiences of the person who used it. Usually, the plant grows over a meter high. It has hollow square stems, large leaves, and occasional white flowers with violet calyxes.
belongs to the mint family and the largest genus kind. It is one of the several genera of sage and a near family of the shrubs, herbaceous perennials, and annuals. It has active psychoactive components has a unique structure of diterpenoid called salvinorin.
Salvia divinorum acts as an opioid agonist and identified for its low toxicity and low addictive potential. The drug triggers the kappa opioid receptor and has a big role in addiction treatment therapy.
History of the drug
A native to the Sierra Mazateca in Oaxaca, Mexico, Salvia Divinorum has played an important part in religious ceremonies. The Mazatec people used the drug to facilitate shamanic visions or in divination because of its hallucinogenic properties. Shamans use the fresh salvia leaves in some of their rites.
This leaf is used at lower dosages only that serve as a diuretic, and to treat ailments including:
- in a swollen disease ( panzón de Borrego)
The history of the plant is not merely well known, and there has been no definite answer to its origin. Speculation includes Salvia divinorum that it is only a wild plant native to the area. Botanists have not been able to determine whether it is a hybrid or a cultigen.
The genus name, Salvia, was first used by Pliny for a plant that was likely Salvia officinalis derived from the Latin word salvere. It is often loosely translated as “diviner’s sage” or “seer’s sage”. Albert Hofmann, who collected the first plants with Wasson, opposed to the name Divinorum.
Signs and symptoms of Salvia
It is a leafy herb that is usually smoked to produce manic and hallucinogenic effects. When smoked, it has almost immediate effects. The user stops relating to the environment and usually begins to laugh uncontrollably.
Is it not a harmless or fun drug, but the main problems with this drug is that there is tiny conclusive information on its actions, short-range effects, and long-range dangers. However, little are known about the addiction properties and other detrimental effects of salvia.
Some of the known effects of salvia include:
- The perception of bright lights and color
- Uncontrolled laughter
- Lack of control of body movements
- Distortions of perceptions of objects
For some people, it may result to an uncomfortable emotional state such as depression and anxiety. The high from salvia abuse is very brief, so the parents may have a hard time in detecting the signs or symptoms of use in their children.
These are the common symptoms of all drug abuse:
- Mood changes, more withdrawn or depressed
- Hostility and uncooperativeness
- Changing friends, dropping hobbies and activities
- Grades falling
- Sleeping and eating patterns change without a valid reason
- Hard time focusing or concentrating
- Money missing or too much money or new items appearing
- Family relationships deteriorate
Side Effects of the Drug
The following effects may occur upon usage of salvia such as:
- Uncontrollable laughter
- Past memories, such as revisiting places from childhood memory
- Sensations of motion, or being pulled or twisted by forces
- Visions of membranes, films, various two-dimensional surfaces, and fractal patterns
- Merging with or becoming objects
- Overlapping realities, such as the perception of being in several locations at once
Short-term lingering effects have a completely different character than the peak experience. The certain effects include:
- Increased insight
- Improved mood
- Increased connection with Universe or Nature
- Body felt warm or hot
- Increased self-confidence
- Improved concentration
Other commonly reported effects include:
- Feelings of calmness
- Weird thoughts
- Things seeming unreal
- Floating feelings
- Mind racing
- Feeling lightheaded
Other side effects
- Taking more of the drug which builds up tolerance
- Using salvia on a daily basis
- Using other drugs to mix with salvia to maintain the ‘high’ feeling
- Reduced productivity in school or at work
- Neglecting consistently fulfill obligations at home
- Increased secrecy or social withdrawal (isolation)
- Mood swings and unpredictable behaviors
- Eating more or less, and sleeping or being awake at odd times
- Increased injuries, accidents, or risky behaviors
- Decreased interest in physical appearance
- Trouble concentrating or remembering things
In Higher doses, salvia can generate states of disorientation and hyperactivity. Side effects may take the form of:
- Facial expressions showing terror or fright
- Blank facial expressions when alone
- Complete loss of awareness of one’s surrounding environment
- Agitated movements
- No awareness of one’s bodily movements
- No memory of the events once the drug wears off
Other behavioral side effects of salvia may take the form of:
- Problems in sleeping
- Increased self-confidence
- Lapses in concentration
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