Do you ever think about what cocaine does to your body? Or how it can affect your mind? Here we will attempt to discuss the effects of cocaine both from the seemingly positive to the disastrously negative.
- The effects of cocaine vary from person to person.
- The consequence of cocaine use is dependent on the individual’s size, weight, and health of the person using cocaine.
- It also depends on whether the user has become used to taking the drug, and whether other drugs are simultaneously present in the body.
- Other factors to be considered are the amount of cocaine taken, the frequency of dosing, and the duration of use.
- All of these factors related to the individual’s medical history, health, and his environment can be used to determine the outcome of psychoactive drug use.
There is one common effect, though. Cocaine can have a stimulating effect on the brain’s central nervous system. The effects of the drug can last from several minutes to a few hours, depending on the administration of the drug. When the immediate “rush” has worn off, the person will “crash”.
Cocaine is a potent CNS stimulant which is able to increases the levels of neurotransmitter dopamine in the addicted person’s brain circuits. This neurotransmitter is responsible for movement and pleasure.
Physiologically, dopamine is being released by neurons as a response to rewards like when a person smells good food. It is then recycled immediately back into the region that released it. When this happens, shutting off the signal between neurons occurs. Cocaine is able to prevent dopamine from going through recycling, which then causes build up in synapses. The process disrupts the dopamine signals and eventually the normal system of brain communication is affected.
Cocaine aims to affect all of the systems in our body, but the main target of cocaine is the central nervous system (CNS). Cocaine is able to block the reuptake of neurotransmitters found in the neuronal synapses. The majority of cocaine’s effects on the central nervous system may be attributed to this mechanism. The pharmacological pleasure, intense cocaine craving and euphoric effect all share the same basis in the CNS. The effects of cocaine on other organs in addition to the effects on the CNS, account for the majority of the complications of cocaine abuse.
Cocaine is able to produce a large spectrum of psychiatric symptoms including restlessness, nervousness, anxiety, tremors, and irritability.
The chronic use of cocaine can lead to a few personality changes as well as paranoia, fear, hyperactivity and psychosis. Comorbid psychiatric disorders are also common among patients who use cocaine. Non-addictive medication may also be required for the treatment of comorbid conditions including depression and anxiety.
Prolonged daily use of cocaine, on the other hand, can cause sleep deprivation and loss of appetite. Users may experience hallucinations and psychosis thinking that the drug makes them feel “normal”. Eventually, users lose interest in many other areas of life.
On top of the many negative effects, users may suffer heart attacks or strokes which can be fatal. Cocaine-related deaths are often associated with cardiac arrest and an arrest of breathing.
On This Page
- 1 Cocaine is a potent CNS stimulant which is able to increases the levels of neurotransmitter dopamine in the addicted person’s brain circuits. This neurotransmitter is responsible for movement and pleasure.
- 2 Cocaine is able to produce a large spectrum of psychiatric symptoms including restlessness, nervousness, anxiety, tremors, and irritability.