Oxycontin as Compared to Other Drugs

 

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Pain is a way for our body to tell us that something is wrong. It tells us that whatever we touched caused damaged to us in some way, it tells us that whatever we heard is too loud, that the pressure can damage our eardrums. It also tells us that something is wrong inside our body. That stomach ache we feel may urge us to eat something in particular, or not to eat whatever we just ate, ever again.

There are conditions, however where pain becomes insensibly unbearable. Bone and muscle damage from accidents such as car crashes, diseases like cancer, especially cancer of the bone, are conditions where a victim will experience excruciating pain. There are other conditions, of course, but all in all, there’s a need for compassionate treatment, and that the time we use narcotics; drugs that specifically relieve pain.

One of the commonly prescribed kinds of narcotics is Oxycodone. Oxycodone is the substance synthesized from Opium, the base form of nearly all narcotics. Oxycodone is capable of treating pain conditions ranging from moderate to severe, with a 4-6 hour effect duration.

Recent advances in the pharmaceutical fields yielded a new version of Oxycodone known as Oxycontin. Oxycontin unique formulation allows it to last for 12 hours per tablet, doubling the overall painkilling effectivity.

Are Oxycodone and Oxycontin the Same Thing?

Oxycodone is the prime active ingredient in Oxycontin, but the similarities end there. They have the same painkilling effect, the same side effects such as nausea, shallow breathing, and minor itching, but in terms of length and potency, Oxycontin has an edge.

Oxycontin has a specially formulated pill that allows it to slowly digest in your body for 12 hours. The active ingredient, Oxycodone is slowly administered, avoiding probably overdosage and is more likely to hit that saturation point where there’s just enough oxycodone in your system to completely block your pain.

The slow release doesn’t just extend effectivity, it also offers a few other benefits. By extending the release time, the patient only ever needs to take two tablets a day maximum. This drastically reduces the chances of overdose. People who need round-the-clock pain relief would need 4-6 tablets of oxycodone and if they drink too soon, they could overdose. Fewer tablets to take also reduces the risks of addiction.

Pricewise, however, Oxycontin is slightly pricier than Oxycodone, averaging as $2.5 a pill, while Oxycodone has an average price of $1.5. These values may change as the months pass, but ultimately, taking oxycontin is a more efficient way of relieving pain than Oxycodone.

Is Oxycontin the Same as Percocet?

Percocet is a narcotic targeted for people who are suffering from conditions with moderate to moderately-severe pain. It’s a combination of Oxycodone and Acetaminophen, commonly known as Tylenol.

Acetaminophen is a non-aspirin pain reliever or analgesic, along with the lines of ibuprofen, mefenamic acid, and aspirin. It’s an over the counter drug which is mixed in with Oxycodone to provide a boost. Though acetaminophen’s effect may pale in comparison to Oxycodone, taking them both in concert provides a good coverage of pain, especially since one of oxycodone side effects is a headache, which acetaminophen can mitigate.

Percocet, however, does not last as long as Oxycontin. It lasts 4-6 hours, depending on the person’s metabolism and activity. The only thing similar about them is that they both have Oxycodone as an active ingredient.

Is Morphine Stronger than Oxycontin?

Morphine is classified as an opiate. It’s an alkaloid extracted from Opium which is free from impurities and has the strongest effect among the alkaloids that opium is composed of, which are Codeine and Thebaine. There’s nothing modified in morphine, apart from the chemicals added to help its distribution.

When compared to Oxycodone, the active ingredient in Oxycontin, Oxycodone is approximately 1.5 times stronger than morphine, gram for gram. However, that is the statistic on paper. The actual effect on people is still arguable. People could find that morphine works on them better than oxycodone, whilst others on morphine, who switched to oxycodone find that the latter works on them better.

There’s still a divide on which one is stronger, especially if you consider both the numbers on paper and the people’s opinions. Price wise, the average price of Oxycontin and Morphine play around the same ballpark. The average price of 10mg Oxycontin is $2.5 per tablet, and Morphine has an average price of $2.75 per 10 mg tablet.

Though it’s worth noting that the liquid injectable form of Morphine is more affordable than the tablet one, albeit, the practical uses are limited.

One edge Oxycontin has over morphine, is, of course, it’s duration. Morphine’s effect lasts around 6 hours, with 2-3 hours to reach the peak of the effect before it starts to wane. Oxycontin lasts for 12 hours, with 5-6 hours to reach the peak effect. In terms of how fast the effect is, however, morphine is better.

Both substances, however, should not be taken “as needed.” They should be taken around the time your doctor tells you, otherwise, you can experience either an overdose or an underdose that can cause withdrawal symptoms.

Is Opana Stronger?

Opana is a brand of painkillers whose active ingredient is Oxymorphone. Oxymorphone is a synthetic opioid created from Thebaine. Thebaine is one of the minor components of opium, it’s the weakest component, second to codeine, as Oxymorphone was synthesized from it, they created a substance that’s more powerful than Oxycodone.

Gram for gram, Oxymorphone is 1.5 times more powerful than Oxycodone. This makes Opana stronger have a stronger painkilling effect under the same dosage. The painkilling effect of 30 mg of Oxytocin can be closely matched by 20 mg of Opana.

The same side effects apply to both medicines, such as itchiness, shallow breathing, and minor headaches. An overdose of both drugs can cause total respiratory depression, lethargy and sleepiness that may lead to a coma, and possible cardiac arrest.

Is Hydrocodone Stronger?

Hydrocodone is a synthesized from the base substance Codeine, one of the Opium Alkaloids. Codeine is weaker than morphine and is often prescribed as the kind of painkiller that should be “taken as needed” as the effects are mostly for mild, to mildly-moderate pain.

Hydrocodone is weaker than Oxycontin by about 1.5 times. This means if both of them were taken orally, it would take you 30 mg of Hydrocodone to get the same effect as 20 mg of Oxycodone.

In terms of dosage, both drugs are not to be taken as needed and Hydrocodone has a shorter effect duration of 4 hours, with 1-1.5 hours upon taking the peak. Hydrocodone and Oxycodone, however, have the same potential for addiction, making it important that they are taken only as prescribed.

Mostly, to improve Hydrocodone’s analgesic effect, it’s paired with other painkillers, like acetaminophen and ibuprofen. These medications supplement Hydrocodone’s painkilling effect by reducing inflammation and side-effects like headaches.

Is Oxycontin Synthesized from Heroin?

Oxycontin is not synthesized from Heroin. Oxycontin base active ingredient, Oxycodone is synthesized from Thebaine, one of the weaker parts of Opium. Both Heroin and Oxycontin both classify as a narcotic, and due to Heroin’s bad reputation, many people, especially those who don’t know what opioids are, believe that all narcotics are addictive and damages both life and lifestyle.

Heroin didn’t have the same dark mantle before. Heroin was first made by further refining Morphine. Its original purpose was to assist patients who were suffering from morphine addiction, (as it was widely used in the military). Heroin was advertised to be a weak, non-addictive substitute that would help addicts smoothly taper off Morphine. Presently, this role is filled by the opioid “Methadone,” which is advertised as an opioid that has a minuscule effect, but enough to hold back withdrawal.

Heroin’s mission of relief was so widespread that companies would send heroin samples to people with a confirmed diagnosis of Morphine addiction. Unfortunately, Heroin was not the angel it was said to be. It was more potent than morphine, produced a stronger euphoric state, with significantly less effect duration. This made Heroin highly addictive, with risks of overdose soaring higher than morphine. Eventually, Heroin was illegalized, as it has no medical use whatsoever.

We have learned our lessons since then and created new kinds of Opioids which maximize practicality and utility. Oxycontin is among the many kinds of opioids seeing wide medical use, with fewer risks of overdose and addiction.

Does Oxycontin and Oxycodone Test the Same?

Surprisingly. This question is asked because there have been cases where people were denied their pain medications, and be accused as abusers or ‘non-compliant’, because their urine and blood tests showed Oxycodone, while they were taking Oxycontin.

This mistake is due to a confusion, that Oxycontin is fundamentally different than Oxycodone. This is incorrect. Oxycontin is Oxycodone. Oxycontin is simply Oxycodone mixed in a special tablet that melts slowly. Both of them will be positive in a urine and blood test for Oxycodone.

There are some cases where oxycontin users are suspected of abuse because the test results show a significantly high concentration of Oxycodone in your system. This can happen because of two things. First is that they indeed took more Oxycontin than they should. Second, they split the tablet, causing more of the oxycodone to release faster into the system.

Oxycontin should be taken whole. It should never be swallowed, crushed, diluted, or chewed.

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