Drug abusers are compelled to repeatedly use increasing amounts of drugs even with the warning that withdrawal symptoms will appear the moment they choose to cease from drug use. While the specific causes of drug addiction remain unknown, certain factors like genetics, psychological well-being, and environment all play a significant role in the addiction ordeal.
A few addicted individuals may identify the use of the substance as plain ignorance, but it is more common that addicted users have been dealing with pain-management issues at the beginning. They choose to use the drug, usually, Oxycodone, blinded off by the fact that the substance can be highly addictive. Moreover, it may also be the ignorance of the addiction potential of the drug along with the physical pain of his condition that caused the drug addiction.
The Psychological Factor
While biological factors may be the main cause of drug addiction, many believe that psychological factors also comprise the bulk of the many causes. Some of these factors appear to stem from trauma back when users were younger.
Physical or sexual abuse, chaos in the home and neglect, for instance, can all lead to psychological stress. Young people may then attempt to self-medicate in the hopes of decreasing the pain through drug use. Little do they know that they will feel even more stressed out without the drug, eventually leading them to use the substance over and over again.
Other psychological factors that contribute to the development of addiction include:
- Inability to cope up with stress
- Mental illness (e.g. depression)
- Inability to become A “social” individual
- Poor performance at work or in school
The Environmental Factors
The users’ environment can certainly play a major role. More users have been found living in environments where drug abuse is seen as permissible. Young children who grew up in homes along with drug addicts, more often than not, become addicts themselves.
Studies have shown that majority of drug use begin during adolescence. These are young adults with highly abusive, neglectful or inattentive parents. In some cases, the cause of drug addiction may be purely due to drug experimentation coupled with the lack of parental oversight.
Other environmental factors that contribute to drug abuse include:
- A peer group that pressures or promotes the use of drugs.
- Participating in sports where performance-enhancing drugs are being encouraged.
- Gender and ethnicity.
- Lower Socioeconomic Status
As mentioned before, drug addiction may start at home and may even be an issue with other family members. Studies reveal that half of the risks of becoming addicted to drugs is genetic. It appears that drug addiction is involved in multiple gene sequences although science is yet to point out exactly which ones. However, genes involved in brain receptors of nicotine can contribute to drug addiction. The main genetic factors are:
The family’s attitudes, beliefs, and exposure to groups that encourage the use of drugs. This seems to play a significant role in the initial use of the substance. The use of the drug may develop into addiction as influenced by inherited traits that delay or speed up the disease progression.